Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Chaberton Winery and its many friends

Photo: Chaberton winemaker Andrea Lee

When it opened in 1991 in Langley Township, Chaberton Estate Winery pioneered wine growing in the Fraser Valley.

It is still the largest winery in the valley, making crisp whites from its 40-acre vineyard and filling out its portfolio with wines made from Okanagan and Similkameen fruit. The reds current available at the wine shop, and reviewed here, are very well made.

Chaberton, which has an excellent bistro next to its wine shop, is popular with day-tripping wine lovers in Greater Vancouver area. Indeed, one can enjoy a great wine touring day excursion by including visits to several of Chaberton’s neighbours, such as Township 7 Vineyards and Backyard Vineyards.

It may surprise you to learn that there are 45 wineries between Westham Island and Chilliwack. That is about the same number as there are on the Naramata Bench. Everyone interested in BC wine has hard of the Naramata wineries because they promote themselves so effectively. A few years ago, they even sponsored a book about themselves.

The Fraser Valley wineries have an association with just five members. The other 40 just do their own thing. With some searching on the web, I found several lists of the wineries. The website,, lists 36 producers, with their addresses and phone numbers. The provincial government’s list of licensed wineries has them all on an Excel spreadsheet without phone numbers. Google Liquor Licensed Establishment Locations.

There are actually wine festivals in the region if you search around a bit on the web.

·       The three-year-old Harrison Uncorked Wine Festival this year is April 20 and 21, with a wine tasting ($50) on the afternoon of April 21. Okanagan wineries as well as Fraser Valley wineries are pouring there.

·       Garagiste North’s next tasting is scheduled for May 26 at the Vista D’Oro winery in Langley Township. The wineries that belong to this self-described “cool” group are all wineries producing less than 2,000 cases a year. Most are from the interior. But this festival should help elevate the profile of the Fraser Valley.

Some local tourist associations partially fill in the gap for those who might actually wish to tour the local wineries. Dr. Google took me to Tourism’s Langley’s list, for example. I reproduce it here.

Backyard Vineyards
Backyard Vineyards promotes big fun when creating their top-quality varietal, blended and bubbly wines that are made from 100% BC Grapes. The grapes are grown in their Langley vineyard and complemented with fruit from the Fraser Valley and South Okanagan. Since opening in 2009, they have been recognized for wines both locally and internationally, winning medals for reds, whites and bubble. They take pride in making exceptional wine at affordable prices as “It’s the neighborly thing to do”.
Open: 7 days a week
3033 232 St, Langley
Blackwood Lane Vineyards & Winery
The philosophy of Blackwood Lane Vineyards & Winery is summarized in the Company’s motto: “Bonus Vita et Bonus Amici” – Good Life and Good Friends.  Situated on 12.2 acres of the most beautiful and pristine land in the Fraser Valley, wine lovers quickly learn they do not have to travel far to acquire great wine.  The creation of Carlos Lee, grapes are secured from the Okanagan Valley and by utilizing only old fashioned techniques, the end result is uncompromising quality wines.
Open: Wednesday through Sunday
25180 – 8th Avenue, Langley
Chaberton Estate Winery and Bacchus Bistro
Experience the tranquil atmosphere and award-winning wines of Chaberton Estate Winery. The 55-acre property offers a unique micro-climate, receiving far less rain than its surrounding areas. Pack a lunch or picnic and visit the 3rd largest estate winery in BC, and the oldest in the Fraser Valley on a sunny day for a glass of wine in their licensed picnic area. Or enjoy authentic French bistro cuisine prepared with only the finest, freshest ingredients at the Zagat-rated Excellent Bacchus Bistro where reservations are highly recommended.
Open: 7 days a week
Bistro – Wednesday through Sunday
1064 – 216th Street, Langley
Winery: 604.530.1736    Bistro: 604.530.9694
Festina Lente Estate Winery
Did someone say Mead? This new winery to Langley produces beautiful mead or honey wines, passed down by three generations of winemakers. Located near Township 7 Winery, this hobby farm and winery is worth a stop. Being a honey wine, you think sweet but Festina Lente produces dry and crisp honey wines. Check out their beautiful tasting room and make sure to say hi to their lovable farm animals.
Hours: Friday through Sunday
21113 16th Avenue, Langley BC
The Fort Wine Co.
Located just outside of Fort Langley, the Fort Wine co. features beautiful Fraser Valley views, and cranberry bog tours during harvest season. Cranberry wine is a staple here while a variety of other fruit wines provide something to delight every palate. The friendly tasting room welcomes the public for impromptu wine tasting and is a unique spot for a small party or business get-together. Cheese platters and sangria’s are available on request and are enjoyed frequently during the summer months.
Hours:  Friday through Monday
26151 – 84th Avenue. Fort Langley, BC
Glass House Estate Winery
This family run vineyard and boutique winery gives you wines varieties from Rose to Ice Wine. Their wine protocol focuses on a minimalist approach, which showcase each varietals characteristics. The name Glass House pays homage to the families 60 years in the greenhouse industry, which started in the Netherlands all the way to North America. Enjoy their beautiful tasting room or venture outside to their beautiful picnic area surrounded by the vineyards.
Open: Thursday – Sunday
23449 0 Avenue
Langley, British Columbia V2Z 2X3
(604) 533-1212

Krause Berry Farms & Estate Winery
You can find the “Berry Best” strawberries, raspberries, blueberries and blackberries in the form of wine at Krause Berry Farm’s newly launched estate winery. Winemaker Sandra-Lee invites you to sit back and enjoy a bottle of berry wine or a Wine-a-Rita in their 130 seat capacity lounge where you can choose a spot indoors or out on the patio. The smells emanating from the kitchen are sure to convince you to order some nachos or a Panini or two as well.
Open: 7 days a week  – Closed January through till May
6179 – 248th St. Langley, BC V4W 1C3
Township 7 Vineyards & Winery
Tour the vineyard, taste a variety of wines. Enjoy the relaxing picnic area before buying a bottle to add to your personal wine cellar. Township 7’s award-winning and acclaimed handcrafted wines are produced in small lots from vineyards in Langley and the south Okanagan Valley. Open year round,  they offer cultural and culinary experiences including art shows, live music / theatre, charity fundraisers, wine seminars, community grape harvest / stomp, and winemaker dinners.
Open: 7 days a week
21152 – 16th Avenue, Langley
Vista D’oro Farms & Winery
The traditional techniques and old world values that are used in Vista D’oro artisanal preserves are also reflected in their wine making methods. The winery is dedicated to producing delicious hand-crafted wines made in small batches on their South Langley farm. Their flagship bottle is a fortified walnut wine and is truly a unique offering. The produce grown on Vista D’oro is used in every aspect of the operation, showcasing the superiority of local farm-fresh ingredients.
Open: Thursday through Sunday.
346 208th street. Langley, BC
If you venture into the valley, make it a priority to stop at Chaberton where winemaker Andrea Lee has impressed me with her wines. Here are notes of some of the reds you will find there.

 Chaberton Red 2016 ($12.50). The winery describes this very affordable wine as its “house blend” – 26.5% Merlot, 24.5% Gamay Noir, 21.1% Chancellor, 9.3% Zweigelt, 7.9% Baco Noir, 6.9% Dunkelfelder and 3.9% Marselan. The result is a soft, easy-drinking red with aromas and flavours of cherry and spice. The wine is also sold other packages including a four-litre bag in box. 89.

Chaberton Valley Cab 2015 ($16.95). This is a blend of 48% Cabernet Franc, 45% Cabernet Sauvignon and 7% Malbec. It begins with brambly, red berry aromas, going on to spicy dark red fruit flavours with a hint of leather, black coffee and vanilla. 88.

Chaberton Reserve Cabernet Franc 2014 ($29.95 for 163 cases). This wine was made with grapes from the aptly named Happy Valley vineyard on Black Sage Road. It was aged for 22 months on French (70%) and American oak barrels. The wine has aromas and flavours of blackberry, black cherry and cedar, with savoury herbal notes. Half a bottle was reserved for tasting the following day. The wine had developed spectactularly, becoming rich and full with a mouthfilling sweet fruit. 92.

Chaberton Reserve Merlot 2014 ($22.95). This wine was aged 21 months in second-use oak barrels. It begins with aromas of cassis leading to flavours of black currant, black cherry, blueberry and spicy plum. Long ripe tannins give the wine a good texture and a concentrated weight. On the finish, there are hints of chocolate. 90

Chaberton Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon Malbec 2015 ($Sold Out). The winery made just 71 cases of this delicious red. It warns consumers that, because Malbec is rare in BC, it may be a while before it will have the fruit for another blend. Originally, the wine was intended as a component for the Meritage blend. However, Anthony Cheng, one of Chaberton’s owners, decided after tasting the blend (three barrels in new French oak) to bottle it on its own. Good call. The wine begins with aromas of cassis and black cherry with the typical floral note of the Malbec that makes up 45%  of the blend. On the palate, the red fruit flavours are rich, complex and long-lasting. 93.

Chaberton Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon 2014 ($N/A). Made with grapes from Black Sage Road and aged 24 months in French and American oak, this begins with classic aromas of cassis, dark red fruit, mint and vanilla. On the palate, there are flavours of black currant, black cherry, blackberry and vanilla. The wine benefits from decanting; it needs to breathe to open the layers of aroma and fruit. 91

Chaberton AC 35 2012 ($45.99 for 89 cases). The blend is 50% Cabernet Franc, 35% Merlot and 15% Cabernet Sauvignon. This label is one in a series of AC blends built around Merlot by Anthony Cheng, one of the owners of Chaberton. Dark in colour, this is a bold, ripe intense wine, with aromas and flavours of fig, cassis and spice mingled with toasted oak. The finish is lingering. 93.

Thursday, March 22, 2018

Grant Stanley takes over at SpearHead

Photo: SpearHead general manager and winemaker Grant Stanley

East Kelowna’s SpearHead Winery is now firmly committed to Pinot Noir with its announcement that Grant Stanley has been named its general manager and winemaker.

Grant’s dedication to Pinot Noir is legendary. He once told me that he spends 80% of his time thinking about Pinot Noir.

Grant was born in Vancouver in 1967 to parents who had emigrated from New Zealand. He developed his passion for wine while working in the restaurant trade in London and in Whistler.

Excited by the wines of New Zealand, he and his wife, Annabelle, moved to New Zealand in 1991. A horticulturalist, she began propagating vines at the storied Cloudy Bay winery while Grant went to work at Montana Wines, one of New Zealand’s largest producers.

Montana made it possible for him to take a two-year diploma course in winemaking. From there, Stanley sought out smaller wineries, eventually spending six vintages at Ata Rangi, one of New Zealand’s best producers of Pinot Noir.

In the fall of 2001, he was sent to Oregon to make Pinot Noir with two wineries there. Before returning to New Zealand, Grant did a quick tour of the Okanagan. He was astounded at how much Okanagan wines had improved in the years that he had been in New Zealand. He did not hesitate to return to Canada when Quails’ Gate Estate Winery offered him the winemaking job just before the 2003 vintage.

He moved to 50th Estate Parallel Winery in Lake Country in 2013. He made four vintages there and consulted with his successor, Matt Fortuna, in the 2017 vintage.

He also made the 2017 vintage at SpearHead, the smallest of the Okanagan wineries Grant has been associated with.

“One of the rationales for me getting involved here is that we definitely want to stay small,” Grant says. “A lot of the producers I admire around the world put a limit on their production and their growth, and concentrate on quality instead of quantity.”

SpearHead produces about 4,500 cases. Production this year moves to a new building with a capacity that would allow it to double in size, depending on the supply of grapes and on the market for its wines. At this time, 8,000 or so cases would be SpearHead’s maximum.

The winery, which opened with the 2010 vintage, originally was called SpierHead, a name inspired by its location on Spiers Road in East Kelowna. The name has just been modified to SpearHead to avoid a trademark dispute with Spier Wine Farm, a South African winery founded in 1692. It has several listings in British Columbia.

SpearHead had three founders. The instigator was Kelowna photographer Brian Sprout (who subsequently left the partnership). He enlisted a high school classmate, lawyer Bill Knutson, and a semi-retired investment dealer, Bruce Hirtle. Knutson, who still has a busy Vancouver law practice, and his wife, Marina, (right) now are majority owners.

The partners bought the Spiers Road property, a former apple orchard, in 2007 and began planting it in 2008. There are now 12 acres in production, with three more planted. The vines are predominantly Pinot Noir, with smaller blocks of Riesling and Chardonnay.

SpearHead’s early vintages included two well-received Bordeaux reds made with grapes from a vineyard on Black Sage Road. This was a measure to get the brand into the market but not a long-term strategy.

“We don’t grow Merlot or Cabernet Sauvignon and I don’t think it would make sense to plant those varietals in our area,” Bill told me a few years ago.  “I think a wiser course is to focus on Pinot Noir and do a good job with it.  As you know, the Kelowna area is emerging as a pretty strong region for Pinot Noir, so I’m hoping that we can play a role in strengthening that perception.”

Serious hail damage in 2013 led the winery to find additional sources of fruit, notably the Golden Retreat Vineyard in Summerland where, David Kozuki, a meticulous grower, has Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris.

SpearHead’s estate vineyard grows multiple clones of Pinot Noir. “One of the things I hope we can develop a niche with is a significant variety of Pinot Noir clones, in the hopes that will allow for different bottlings,” Bill told me last year.

Grant, who brings his 2 ½- acre Pinot Noir vineyard in West Kelowna to SpearHead, is clearly on the same page as Bill and Marina.

“Over this last year, I have gotten to know Bill and Marina and I have settled into a nice spot here,” Grant says. “They are authentic in what their vision is. We are in this for the same reason.”

He intends to produce several single vineyard Pinot Noirs and a few blended Pinots, including a wine called Consensus. This Pinot Noir was begun several years ago when members of SpearHead’s wine club were invited to create their own blend. Several vintages of Consensus have won gold medals at competition. Grant would like to increase production slightly and offer some to the public.

Grant says that SpearHead consumers should not expect to see dramatic style shifts in the wine. “The fruit is the same and, in my view, fruit speaks louder than winemaking. I think you will see the thread of similarity running through the wines.”

Here are notes on Grant’s first releases from SpearHead. Prices do not include tax.

SpearHead White Pinot Noir 2017 ($24 for 500 cases). White Pinot Noir is rarely made but when you taste this crisp and aromatic white, you will wonder why more is not made. It is made from essentially free run juice after gently pressing whole bunches. It begins with aromas of apples and white peaches, which are echoed on the palate. The lively acidity, balanced with a touch of residual sugar, gives lift to the savoury flavours. 91.

 SpearHead Riesling 2017 ($20 for 500 cases). The Germans would call this a racy wine and would cellar it five to 10 years. The 7.8 grams of acid are balanced with eight grams of residual sugar, just enough to give the wine the palate tension one looks for in a good Riesling. It has aromas and flavours of lime, along with a steely spine of minerals. 91.

SpearHead Pinot Gris 2017 ($19 for 1,000 cases). Ten percent of the juice was fermented in two-year-old French oak barrels while the rest was cold fermented in stainless steel.  It has aromas and flavours of peaches and pears with a crisp and dry finish. The winery says drink this “now or cellar for 3 to 5 years.” I would rest it for two or three months for optimal development of aromas and flavour. 90.

SpearHead Pinot Noir Rosé 2017 ($21 for 500 cases).  This wine was made with subsequent pressings of the grapes used for the White Pinot Noir. The wine’s delicate rose petal hue is the result 48 hours of skin contact. It begins with aromas of raspberries and has flavours of raspberry and strawberry. It is balanced to finish dry. 90.

Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Lang Vineyards offers early look at 2017 wines

Photo: Lang Vineyards general manager Mike Lang

Wines from the 2017 vintage are beginning to be released by Okanagan wineries and the news is good: another excellent vintage.

Lang Vineyards, one of the original wineries to open on the Naramata Bench, brought its new releases to a recent tasting in Vancouver. That provided an early taste of the vintage from one of the most popular wine regions in B.C.

There will be another chance to taste the new Naramata Bench wines when the Naramata Bench Wineries Association hosts its annual spring tasting in Vancouver on April 13. There is a trade tasting at the Four Seasons Hotel in the afternoon. It is followed by Wine for Waves, a public fundraiser in the evening for the Vancouver Aquarium. Lang is a member of the association.

Lang Vineyards was opened in 1990 by Günter Lang, a one-time Mercedes Benz manager who had emigrated to Canada in 1979 and was charmed with the Naramata Bench.

“I looked at everything that was for sale in the Okanagan,” he once told me. “I just bought the vineyard because I fell in love with the place. It was an older vineyard on the market for two years. Nobody was interested in it at all. It was the best buy: we got two lots and a great view. I paid $129,000 at the time for nine and a half acres.”

He sold the winery in 2005 to the Holman Lang Group, stayed on for a while to help run it until disillusioned by Keith Holman’s shambolic management. The Holman Lang group was in bankruptcy by 2009. The following year, Lang Vineyards was acquired in a court-ordered sale by Yong Wang, a businessman who divides his time between Vancouver and China.

The new owner soon restored the link to the winery’s founder by hiring Günter’s nephew, Mike Lang, as general manager. Initially, the winery struggled with a turnover of winemakers. Production stabilized in recent years when Robert Thielicke, formerly a winemaker at JoieFarm Winery, took charge of winemaking at Lang Vineyards.

The 2017 vintage was the fifth vintage in a row that produced good to great grapes. The 2017 whites share the qualities of the previous year: bright acidity, intense and refreshing flavours.

Here are notes on the wines. Prices do not include taxes.

Lang Sparkling Pinot Noir/Pinot Meunier 2017 ($18.99). With a lovely pink hue and a rush of bubbles, the wine offers a great show in the glass. It has aromas and flavours of strawberry and cherry. The finish is crisp. This is the third sparkling wine from Lang since 2015. 88.

Lang Bravo White 2017 ($16.49). This is a blend of Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Schönburger and Muscat. It begins with floral and fruity aromas and delivers a mouthful of tropical flavours – lime, lychee, peach – with a hint of spice on the finish. 91.

Lang Gewürztraminer 2017 ($17.49). Rich on the palate, this wine begins with aromas of rose petals and spice and delivers flavours of lychee and orange zest. It is nicely balanced to finish drier than it really is. 91.

Lang Farm Reserve Riesling 2017 ($17.49). This arguably the flagship white wine at Lang. It is brimming with primary fruit aromas and flavours – lemon and lime with tangy acidity. The likely evolution of this wine was shown by tasting the 2016 Farm Reserve Riesling along side this wine. The extra year has given the 2016 wine more flesh and notes of petrol. Both have a long, lingering finish. 91.

Lang Viognier 2016 ($18.49). The wine is made with grapes from the Naramata Bench. It begins with tropical fruit aromas (pineapple, apricot), leading to a rich texture and flavours of apple, peach and pineapple. 91.

Lang Cabernet Franc 2016 ($21.69).  The previous vintage showed dramatic brambly aromas and flavours. This was a tank sample that promises a lot of flavour and aroma development when it has time in bottle. The wine, now full of brooding cherry flavours, is made with grapes from Oliver. 90.

Lang Syrah 2016 ($22.49). This is a tank sample. The black cherry and fig aromas and flavours show good potential when the wine has had time to develop in bottle. 90 - ?

Lang Maréchal Foch 2016 ($18.29). This is the signature red at Lang Vineyards. It is a juicy red with soft tannins and with aromas and flavours of cherry, plum and chocolate. 90.

Thursday, March 15, 2018

CedarCreek releases ultra-premium wines

Photo: CedarCreek estate vineyard in November, 2018

The excellent notes that CedarCreek prepares on its wine indicate that nearly all of these six wines were released last year.

However, the covering letter with the samples is dated early February, 2018. That suggests the wines might still be available in the wine shop, through the web site or in some restaurants.

The wine shop sales last year likely were a bit slow because of the disruption caused by construction. In fact, access to the shop was not as difficult as it looked from the road.

Construction involved building a totally new wine shop on the spot once occupied by a rambling cottage that, over the years, served as a winemaker’s residence, offices for the owners and, briefly, a guest house. (I spent a week there once with just a mouse to keep me company.)

The new wine shop and restaurant will be completed by this fall. “We’re elevating the wine country experience to a whole new level here at CedarCreek,” winemaker Taylor Whelan and general manager Scott Locke say in the covering letter. “In a lot of ways, we feel the winery is now catching up to the wine.”

It is worth noting that three of reds are from the 2014 vintage, so far still the best Okanagan vintage ever. The other vintages shown by these wines are none too shabby either.

Most of the fruit, if not all, for the reds comes from CedarCreek’s two Osoyoos vineyards – Desert Ridge, not far north of town, and Haynes Creek, just southeast of the town with a slope to Osoyoos Lake. Planted in the early 2000s, the vines are now mature and are producing top quality fruit.

The winery’s notes reveal that the winemaking is painstaking in its detail. For example, 10% of the Riesling was fermented with wild yeast in French oak, providing a portion of the blend that adds texture and mouth feel to the wine.

The centerpiece of this release would be the 2014 The Last Word. “Only a few times a decade, when nature conspires, does the opportunity for as truly remarkable wine reveal itself,” the winery’s notes say. The four varietals in the blend were co-fermented on the skins for 29 days in concrete and then aged 20 months in French oak.

The winery says the wine has “excellent tannin structure. Spicy dark fruit will evolve and intensify with age. Should peak 2024 to 2029.” The price – this is one of the most expensive wines yet from CedarCreek – tells you how much the winery esteems this wine.

Here are notes on the wines.

CedarCreek Platinum Block 3 Riesling 2016 ($23.99 for 341 cases). The wine is exquisitely balanced: racy acidity of 10.1 grams is offset with 14.8 grams of residual sugar. There is just 10.5% alcohol. Those numbers, however, tell us that this wine can be enjoyed now but will age through its 10th birthday. At this stage in its development, there is just a hint of petrol mingled with the citrus aromas and intense lemon and lime flavours. The bright acidity gives the wine a refreshing, tangy finish. 92.

CedarCreek The Senator Red 2015 ($17.49 for 2,335 cases). This is a blend of 40% Cabernet Franc, 24% Cabernet Sauvignon, 22% Syrah, 14% Merlot. The wine was aged 16 months in French oak. It begins with aromas of blackberry and cherry, leading to flavours of prune, figs, dark chocolate and coffee. The texture is firm. 89.

CedarCreek Estate Syrah 2015 ($24.49 for 603 cases). This wine, which is sold only at the winery and to the wine club, is made with grapes from the winery’s Haynes Creek Vineyard in Osoyoos. It begins with aromas of plum and fig along with a meaty note reminiscent of rare steak. That is echoed on the earthy palate, along with a note of black pepper. 90.

CedarCreek Platinum Desert Ridge Merlot 2014 ($49.99 for 1,102 cases). The winery’s Desert Ridge Vineyard north of Osoyoos includes 11 acres of Merlot and – to quote the winery “within them four distinct levels of refinement in the fruit.” The best fruit is hand-selected for this ultra-premium wine. It begins with lovely aromas of cassis, black cherry and vanilla (reflecting 20 months oak aging). The wine opens with flavours of cherry, black currant and blueberry. The long, ripe tannins give the wine a silken polish to the c0ncentrated texture. 92.

CedarCreek Platinum Desert Ridge Meritage 2014 ($49.99 for 1,150 cases). The blend is 53% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, 18% Malbec and 9% Cabernet Franc. The wine, which was aged in French oak for 20 months, is bold and full-bodied. It begins with aromas of cassis and vanilla with a pronounced floral and perfumed Malbec aromas. On the palate, there are flavours of black cherry and plum. The Cabernet Sauvignon in the blend – CedarCreek grows a small-berried clone – gives this wine its intense colour and age-worthy structure. Decant the wine if you must drink it now or set it aside until 2025. 92- 94                                                                                                                                                                         

CedarCreek The Last Word 2014 ($85 for 390 cases). The blend is 34% Merlot, 31% Cabernet Franc, 26% Cabernet Sauvignon and 9% Malbec. The grapes were co-fermented in concrete and the wine was aged 20 months in French oak. It is a dark and concentrated wine with layers of fruit. It begins with aromas of blueberry, cherry and vanilla. On the palate, the wine is rich and deep, with layer after layer of dark red fruit revealing itself. The wine was double decanted to unlock the flavours. A better idea would be the lay the wine away at least for 10 years. 94.

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Rioja's modern winemaking

 Photo: Rioja winemaker Chema Ryan

Spanish winemaker Chema Ryan, the technical director for Muriel Wines in Rioja, will make his 21st vintage this fall.

Despite his surname, he is thoroughly Spanish. His great-grandfather came from Ireland, married a Spanish woman and stayed. Chema represents the fourth generation of Spanish Ryans.

“Since I was a teenager, I always wanted to be a winemaker, or I wanted to do something related to wine,” Ryan says. “I studied chemistry; then I did a PhD in wine; and then I studied enology.” And there was a job for him at the winery, which had been founded in the 1920s by a maternal grandfather. Like many Rioja wineries, it still is family owned and operated.

Ryan’s career may well have paralleled one of the most dynamic times for Rioja, arguably the most famous “brand” in Spanish wine, both around the world and in Spain itself. Rioja table wines are sprinkled on restaurant wine lists throughout Spain.

It reflects the volume of production as well as the historic reputation. With 65,000 hectares of vineyards, Rioja is the second largest appellation in Spain. Indeed, it is sad to be the second largest appellation in the world, after La Mancha (also in Spain).

“If we look back 40 years ago, I can assure you there were 10 times fewer wineries than now,” Ryan says. “The vineyard surface was half of what is now planted. The concept of viticulture was different. The local viticulture was a complement to income. It was not their profession.”

The winemaking style also was different. When I first visited Rioja about 25 years ago, I tasted both red and white wines that – for a New World palate – had been aged too long in barrel. It has long been a Rioja tradition not to release wines until they are ready to drink. Given the tannin-heavy traditional winemaking, it took the wines considerable time to smooth out in the bottle.
Today’s Rioja wines still get the time they need in barrel but the aging appears less excessive than it once was. The Rioja wines on display at the recent Vancouver International Wine Festival invariably showed more fruit than barrel flavours, making for altogether more satisfying drinking.

One of the Muriel group’s top wines is Conde de los Andes. The red, which would sell for $70 is listed here, is from the 2001 vintage, a very great year in Rioja. The wine, made from Tempranillo, still displays fresh flavours. Its only concession to age is its velvet texture. This is also a good example of contemporary winemaking in Rioja.

“Rioja today has tried to adapt to the different demands the market asks of us,” Ryan says. “Today, the wine culture and knowledge of the consumer is greater. People are beginning to ask what is the grape; has the wine been aged; where is it from. The customer has begun to be a judge.”

Forty years ago, he suggests, Rioja winemaking was not nearly the professional business it has become.

“Wine was produced as it was,” Ryan says. “We had the vineyards, we had the terroirs, but we were not conscious of them. Then it came to the 1970s and the 1980s, and Rioja started to be strong in the markets. That is when Rioja started to go out to the international markets and be known. The concept of Rioja in those times was just Rioja. Nowadays, we have reached the point where we are talking about 65,000 hectares, a production of 400 million bottles, of which 120 million go abroad.”

There are major moves in Spanish winemaking to give more recognition to individual terroirs and sub-appellations. There are producers in Rioja now carving out their individuality, differentiating their wines from the vast ocean of Rioja.

Current classifications of Rioja wines are based on traditional aging. If the label reads just Rioja, the wine will have aged less than a year in oak. Crianza on a Rioja label means the wine has been aged two years (one in barrel). Reserva means the wine has been aged three years (including one at least in barrel). Gran Reserva means the wine will have been aged at least two years in barrel and three in bottle before release.

“Nowadays, the aging times have been lowered,” Ryan says. “There will still be a few wineries that age their wines for a long time. In our case, it depends on the style of the wine we want to produce. We have wines we age up to three years in barrel and we have wines we just age six months to a year.”

Rioja producers now are going beyond the historic classifications. “The changes we are having now is that we are going to be able to differentiate the different qualities in Rioja,” Ryan says. “The top classification will be the single vineyard Rioja. It is a demand we made and 2017 will be the first vintage when we will start applying this concept, to differentiate Rioja.”

The more flavoursome Rioja wines in the market reflect significant improvements in viticulture (in Spain as in the rest of the wine world).

“From a viticulture that what the vineyard gave was welcome, we have moved on to productive viticulture and we are looking at the vineyards and saying, be careful,” Ryan says. “It is a question of how we produce. Now we see, not just in Rioja but all over the world, what we take care off is the vineyard. At the end, wine is made with grapes.  Many years ago, I heard people say, don’t worry, just bring the grapes and I will make the wine. No, the wine is made in the vineyard.”

He believes that the Tempranillo grape variety, the base of most Rioja reds, is also an advantage. “Tempranillo is a consumer-friendly grape,” he says.

The Spanish take pride in the belief that Tempranillo is a Spanish variety rather than a French one. The ampelography is extremely complex but it basically supports that belief.

However, Jancis Robinson and her colleagues, in Wine Grapes, could not resist telling the romantic story.

“Legend has it that Tempranillo was brought to Spain from Burgundy by Cistercian monks from the Abbaye de Citeaux and could be related to Pinot, suggesting a link via the pilgrim route to Santiago de Compostela that crosses Rioja …” the authors write. “However, this hypothesis can be rejected by DNA analysis.”
“A good Tempranillo has to be friendly from when it is born,” Ryan says. “It is a wine that, even in fermentation, before malolactic, you already have that nice drinking sensation. And throughout its evolution, the wine rounds up even more.”

Conde de los Andes and the other Muriel wines are available in private wine stores. Only one is currently listed in BC Liquor Distribution Branch: Muriel Vendimia Seleccionada 2012 Rioja Reserva at about $25 a bottle.

Meanwhile, the BCLDB lists 33 Rioja wines out of a total of 164 Spanish wines and beers. The includes one well-aged Rioja from historic Bodegas Faustino (established in 1861). Faustino Rioja Gran Reserva 1964, at $210.99 a bottle.

Friday, March 9, 2018

Liquidity's new "taste before buying" premium wine club

Liquidity winemaker Alison Moyes

Liquidity Wines, a wine producer at Okanagan Falls, has come up with a clever vehicle for marketing its emerging range of reserve wine: a taste-before-you-buy club.

“With the Equity Tasting Club, we are launching a series of higher end wines,” says Alison Moyes, Liquidity’s winemaker. “People can’t always make it to the tasting room to try those wines, which are $50 t0 $80 a bottle wines. So we send the tasting room to them.  That is the principle of the whole thing.”

Liquidity now has two wine clubs, both featuring free shipping. The existing club has no annual fee and offers members selections from estate wines in the portfolio.

 While there likely will be some overlap in club offering, members of the new Equity Tasting Club – membership is limited to about 100 – will pay $75 a year. They will commit to buying 18 bottles a year, six of which will be Reserve Tier wines.

Twice a year, before they buy, they will receive a sample box of upcoming unreleased vintages. Each box has three 200 ml samples of premium wines available for ordering. The wines will arrive with the winemaker’s notes. There also are other benefits offered to Equity Club members, including access to library wine releases.

“Free shipping is always a key one,” Alison says. “There is a 10% discount at the winery bistro; free tickets to one member event a year; library releases. We have a limited library which we release to the Equity Club a couple of times a year. And there are options to pre-order certain wines before they are released to the general public.”

My initial reaction was why do I need to taste Alison’s wines before I commit to buying them. She has quickly established a formidable track record for producing very solid wines at Liquidity. The winery now makes around 7,500 cases a year and is particularly notable for its Pinot Noir and its Chardonnay.

But I take Alison’s point that it is reasonable for buyers of expensive wines to have the opportunity to taste before committing the big bucks.

The 200 ml samples contain enough wine to support an assessment. “Two people could taste it and discuss it,” Alison says. “We debated what size we wanted to do. This is our premium wine, so we don’t necessarily want to give it away. There is enough in the little bottle to really get a sense of it.”

The sample box sent to media reviewers included three unreleased wines; one was a 2016 Chardonnay Reserve and one was a 2016 Estate Chardonnay. Both are fine wines but the Reserve is a significant step up in complexity.

Reserve wines should be stand-out wines. There are a handful of producers that use the reserve designation so loosely that it really means nothing. Surely, $20 wines, however well made, are unlikely to achieve reserve quality levels.

Liquidity’s estate wines already are excellent but the Reserve wines show an extra degree of care, both in the vineyard and in the winemaking.

Among other wines, Alison has laid down both a traditional method sparkling wine and a premium Merlot as part of the winery’s premium program.

The sparkling wine cuvée, only 125 cases, will not be released until 2020, after it has had three years aging on the lees.

To make the Merlot, she studied the methodology of Château Pétrus, the producer of one of the most renowned and expensive Merlot-based wines in Bordeaux. (That is not to say this will be Liquidity’s first $1,000 bottle of wine.)

“I have looked at their philosophy of making Merlot and why,” Alison says. “It is so valuable. I have taken some of the same ideas, including premium fruit cropped to a low yield, and extended barrel aging with a higher percentage of new oak.”

She launched this Merlot project in 2016. “We are laying the wine down for three years - 100 cases of premium Merlot that we will call Alto. It is an exercise in patience. We don’t want to rush it to market. We want to do it right.”

It sounds like it would a good idea to join the Equity Tasting Club, f0r advance notice of the exciting wines in Liquidity’s pipeline.

Here are notes on the trio in the initial  Equity Tasting Club sampler. The next taster box will have samples of  Viognier 2017,  Rose 2017 and 2016 Equity Pinot Noir.

Liquidity Estate Chardonnay 2016 ($26). Crisp and clean, this is a lovely fruit-driven wine. It begins with aromas of citrus and apple. On the palate, there is a medley of peach and ripe pear flavours. 90.

Liquidity Reserve Chardonnay 2016 ($N/A). This is a rich and powerful wine, with a creamy texture. The buttery, marmalade flavours are enhanced with a touch of vanilla from very well-handled oak. 92.

Liquidity Estate Pinot Noir 2016 ($26). Dark in colour, this is an intense, concentrated Pinot Noir with aromas and flavours of cherry and vanilla and a hint of spice on the finish. There is a good cellar life ahead of this wine: I would recommend not opening it for another couple of years. 90-92.

Monday, March 5, 2018

Poplar Grove releases: Current and future

Photo: Poplar Grove's Natasha Ponich

My last visit to taste in the Okanagan was during a surprisingly cold and snowy week early in November.

However, I managed to keep my rental car on the road and I got to all my appointments on time. In fact, the tastings were often quite leisurely because the usual wine tourists had the good sense to stay off the roads.

My final appointment was with Stefan Arnason, the winemaker at Poplar Grove Winery in Penticton. He had spent the better part of that week judging wine in California. His return flight through Vancouver had been delayed by the weather.

Fortunately for me, Natasha Ponich, his assistant, took me through an excellent tasting of Poplar Grove’s premium wines. Some of those are just being released or will be released later this year.

The current release package from the winery’s marketing staff includes just three wines, among them the first 2017 Pinot Gris I have seen. The superb 2016 Pinot Gris I tasted with Natasha is sold out.

Natasha is a native of Duncan on Vancouver Island. “I grew up down the street from Blue Grouse Estate Winery,” she says. “I rode horses and enjoyed the rural life.  It is a lovely area and a great place to grow up.”

In due course, her love of the rural lifestyle brought her to the Okanagan Valley. She got a job with Earlco Holdings Ltd., a major vineyard management company based on the Naramata Bench. She spent five years there and also completed to the winemaking program at Okanagan College.

When Natasha moved back to Vancouver Island (for personal reasons), she was hired by Bill Montgomery, who had opened 40 Knots Vineyard & Winery at Comox in 2011. About the time he sold the winery in 2014, Natasha returned to the Okanagan, eventually landing the enviable assistant winemaker post at the prestigious Poplar Grove winery.

Poplar Grove was established about 1995 by Ian and Gitta Sutherland. The wines, especially the reds, developed an early cult following. It is no longer a boutique winery but it has, if anything, a stronger following. 

In 2008, Tony Holler, a Naramata Bench neighbour of Ian, acquired control of Poplar Grove and transformed its status. The son of Austrian immigrants, Tony, born in 1951, grew up on a Summerland orchard, went to medical school and succeeded in the pharmaceutical industry. He has applied his focussed entrepreneurship to the wine business.

He already was buying Poplar Grove wines and believed in the Okanagan’s potential to produce wines ranking with the best in the world. “I wasn’t that interested in having a tiny boutique winery,” Tony said. So he invested in vineyards to become nearly self sufficient in grapes, and in a well equipped modern winery.

“Ian and his winemaking team were working from a 4,000-5,000 square foot building, producing this wine with very little technology,” Tony told me a few years ago. “The question in my mind was what if we had the proper infrastructure – a winery with the right cooling systems, with the right tanks and the right barrels, what can this winery really become?”

The answer is in the impressive portfolio made by the winemaking team.

Poplar Grove is now a Holler family project, with one of the owner’s sons now living in the valley and growing grapes.

“The family is all involved,” one of the staff tells me. “It is certainly a family passion project. Tony Holler is never in a bad mood when he comes in here. It just lifts the staff. You can imagine the amount of stress that a business like this creates. He is always so positive when he comes in, so positive about the wines we are creating down here – and he really believes in them.”

Here are my notes. The wines will make you a believer, too.

Poplar Grove Pinot Gris 2017 ($17.30). Natasha says she is “super excited” about the white wines from the 2017 vintage, something I am hearing from others in the industry. The fruity aromas of this wine – banana, citrus, pear and apple – brought a spontaneous “wow” from a fellow taster. The wine delivers flavours of citrus, pears and apples with a touch of spice on the crisp and refreshing finish. As delicious as the wine is now, there is even more upside if you give it another few months of bottle age. 91.

Poplar Grove Viognier 2016 Haynes Vineyard ($21.65). The wine begins with aromas of stone fruit and it delivers flavours of apricots, peaches and apples. The finish is crisp and racy. 91.

Poplar Grove Chardonnay 2016 ($19.04). This wine delivers intense fruity aromas and flavours – peaches, citrus, cloves. The acidity is fresh and bright (the wine was not permitted to go through malolactic fermentation). Only 18% of the wine spent any time in oak. The result is a refreshing wine with great appeal. 91.

Poplar Grove Reserve Chardonnay 2015 ($26 for 168 cases). This is almost a polar opposite in style. Totally fermented in oak, it is a rich, buttery wine with a medley of marmalade flavours. On the finish, there are notes of vanilla and spice. 92.

Poplar Grove Syrah 2014 ($30.35). There is three percent Viognier in this wine. It begins with aromas of blueberries, licorice and fig. The palate displays a broad array of red fruits, including fig, plum, and black cherry. There is a hint of pepper on the finish. Big ripe tannins give the wine a plushness on the finish. 91.

Poplar Grove Benchmark 2014 ($N/A). This is a blend of Merlot, Malbec and Cabernet Franc. The red berry aromas jump from the glass. On the palate, there are flavours of black currant, mulberry, black cherry, with a lingering spice on the finish.  This is a magnificent blend; just put it down for 10 years and let it reward your patience. 92.

Poplar Grove Merlot 2015 ($26). Look for this wine to be released in the fall. It is a bold, generous wine with dark, brooding flavours of black currant, dark chocolate, and blueberries. The concentrated texture signals that the wine needs to be cellared. 91.

Poplar Grove Cabernet Franc 2015 Classic ($N/A). Another fall release; the grapes are from Osoyoos vineyards. The wine shows the bold character  of the hot 2015 vintage. “The tannins help hold the alcohol,” Natasha says. “All of our 2015s had big alcohols.” The wine begins with perfumed aromas of blackberry, also with a delicate touch of smoke. On the palate the are flavours of brambleberries and cherries, with long ripe tannins and a finish that does not want to quit. 93.

Poplar Grove Cabernet Franc Munson Mountain 2015 ($35). This is a wine to be offered first to the Poplar Grove wine club. The grapes are from the vineyard directly below the winery on Munson Mountain. The wine is earthy as well as brambly with flavours of black cherry, blackberry and spicy blueberry. 92.

Poplar Grove The Legacy 2014 ($50). This is the winery’s flagship red. It is a blend of 44% Cabernet Franc, 24% Cabernet Sauvignon, 24% Merlot and 4% each of Malbec and Petit Verdot. The wine aged 21 months in oak. The wine has not yet been released but collectors need to get on the list; this superb wine is from one of the Okanagan’s best vintages and will age well. Already, it appeals with aromas off cassis and black cherry. On the palate, there is rich, dark fruit mingling sweetly with chocolate and spice. 94.

Thursday, March 1, 2018

Quails' Gate Riesling pays tribute to history

A special Riesling table wine has just been released by Quails’ Gate Estate Winery to pay tribute to the “Okanagan’s first age-worthy Riesling, produced in the 1980s by Jordan & Ste. Michelle Winery.”

I did not think that was enough detail for a wine that celebrates a significant moment in the history of BC wine. In fact, I have been around long enough to remember some of that history. Knowing it should add to your appreciation of the wine.

Jordan & Ste-Michelle Cellars (the correct spelling) disappeared from the BC scene after it was absorbed in the late 1980s by T. G Bright & Co. Before that, there was a long and colourful history. The roots go back to 1923 and a loganberry winery near Victoria which became known as Grower’s Wines.

For many years, the controlling shareholder was Herbert Anscomb, who also became BC’s finance minister. The conflict of interest did not bother him. He actually used his power to stop Brights from building a bottling plant in BC in 1940. His greatest political rival was W.A.C Bennett, who stepped down as president of Calona Wines after he was elected to the legislature.

Anscomb died in 1973 and Growers was purchased by Jordans, an Ontario winery that had begun to operate nationally. The ownership story at Jordans is complex, but the important detail is that controlling interest was acquired by Rothmans, the big cigarette producer.

Rothmans gave its executives and winemakers (who were all well-trained Germans) the tools to get serious about winemaking in Canada. They built a large grape nursery in Ontario. In BC they began planting clone 21B Riesling in 1978.

“I think we brought in 22,000 plants that year,” says Frank Whitehead, one of the viticulturists for Jordan & Ste-Michelle. “All planted on the long weekend in May.”  And all were planted in East Kelowna, where some survive to make spectacular Old Vines Riesling at Tantalus, Sperling Vineyards and St. Hubertus.

Clone 21B, sometimes called the Weis clone, was developed in the Mosel in the late 1940s by Hermann Weis. When the variety’s superior winemaking quality were realized, he began to market it outside Germany, including in Ontario and then in the Okanagan.

“Jordan & Ste-Michelle financed growers in BC over three years and placed a price guarantee on the crop for the new plantings in the first few years of production,” Whitehead recalls.

Quails’ Gate enters the story because Richard Stewart, whose family now operate this winery, bought vineyard land on the slopes of Mt. Boucherie in the early 1960s. The current vineyard map shows two small blocks of Maréchal Foch, totalling about two acres, which were planted in 1965. There is also a two-acre block of Chasselas, a Swiss white variety, planted in 1975.

“The Stewart Vineyard was one of the main suppliers to Jordan & Ste-Michelle,” Whitehead recalls.

It is probable that the big winery encouraged Richard Stewart to plant Riesling as well, since Jordan & Ste-Michelle enjoyed an instant critical success with its 1981 Riesling  and other vinifera table wines.

At the time Jordan & Ste-Michelle had emerged as a quality wine producer. The winery had moved in 1977 from its decrepit and inefficient building on Quadra St. in Victoria to a new $6 million winery in Cloverdale. It was a beautiful facility with landscaped gardens and views of Mt. Baker. Unfortunately, the winery was dismantled in 1990 after Brights took over and moved production to its plain Jane facility north of Oliver.

But Jordan had had a good run. An undated press release, probably 1982, said the winery had just introduced “its 1981 line of seven premium varietal wines.” The winery singled out Auxerrois, Maréchal Foch and Johannisberg Riesling. “These varietal wines represent the company’s continued commitment to sourcing the majority of its premium products from British Columbia vineyards,” the release says.

Richard Stewart planted two blocks of Riesling. The 1981 block, likely 21B, was replaced in 2008 with 2.3 acres of Chardonnay. But the 1982 block, five acres of clone 21B grapes remains in production.

The 2017 B.M.V Collector Series Riesling, the wine just being released, is a blend of this Riesling and of clone 49. Quails’ Gate planted about six acres of this in its Martyna Vineyard in East Kelowna (not far from Tantalus).

Riesling lovers will be cheered by the increasing focus that Quails’ Gate winemaker Nikki Callaway (right) has been giving to the variety. While Pinot Noir remains the flagship at Quails’ Gate, the rest of the portfolio is every bit as well made.

“Since we already have a Riesling, I wanted to make sure the BMV was significantly different than our QG Dry Riesling,” Nikki explains.  “Our QG is stainless steel fermented, so I thought I’d try some barrel fermentation for the BMV.  Also, I wanted it to be indigenous yeast, which is easier to manage I find in barrels.  So I had some old white barrels empty, and thought I’d give it a try.  It took a good two months to ferment.  And because it was indigenous, there is some residual sugar, but I find that is balanced quite nicely with the higher acidity.  Again, the QG Riesling is dry. To differentiate BMV Riesling, I was happy to have finished it in a sweeter, more round style.” 

Here are my notes:

Quails’ Gate B.M.V Riesling 2017 ($29.99 for 550 cases). This wine, which was fermented with wild yeast and aged about two months in neutral barrels, has numbers that look like a fine German Riesling: 15.4 grams of residual sugar are balanced by a bracing 9.6 gram of acid. The alcohol is a moderate 12.5%. It begins with aromas of peach and lemon, leading to flavours of lemon, lime and stone fruit. The bright acidity does indeed balance the sweetness. The finish is exceptionally long. The wine is delicious now but it will age to even greater complexity and richness. 92.