Monday, April 21, 2014

World’s largest wine glass in a Similkameen vineyard

Photo: Roger Hol and Jyl Chegwin and the world's largest wine glass

The Guiness Book of Records has been asked to verify the claim – but there can hardly be much doubt that the outline of a wine glass in the vineyard at Similkameen’s VineGlass Renewal Resort is the world’s largest.

The seven-acre vineyard is owned by Roger Hol and Jyl Chegwin, his partner. The resort is a new winery that has released two wines. It operates three suites in a serene valley beside the Similkameen River, not far from the Night Hawk border crossing.

The vineyard wine glass was inspired by experience that Jyl, a horticulturist, had previously at a Fraser Valley farm corn maze.

The couple did not want their guests getting lost in the vineyard. They wanted guests to experience it through a wine glass-shape walking path through the vines. The result is probably the world’s largest wine glass. It is visible to hikers walking in the nearby Grass Lands Park. In fact, it likely is visible from the International Space Station, tantalizing astronauts who don’t get to relax with a glass of wine.

Just a mile from Highway 3, the quiet resort offers a sky free from light pollution. Both the space station and the stars will be crisp and clear in the night sky.

Anyone visiting the resort can relax on its shaded lawns with either VineGlass Rejuvenation Red or Vigorous Viognier (or both).

Roger, a marine engineer by profession, is a veteran Similkameen grape grower. A farmer by avocation, he was formerly in partnership with Andrew Peller Ltd. to operate the 28-hectare (70-acre) Rocky Ridge Vineyard. It was planted in 1998 and Roger looked after the 70,000 vines until 2008, when Peller exercised its option to acquire his interest.

His current farm, which he purchased on the heels of the Peller transaction, is an almost spiritually quiet property.  The resort is meant for those seeking renewal in the peaceful ambiance.

The vineyard is a tenth the size of Rocky Ridge. Roger planted about 7,000 vines in 2010. When Jyl mused about a corn maze, Roger jumped in to say: “Let’s plant a wine glass. All the effort of my farming is going to be appreciated in a glass. So we decided, we would plant the largest wine glass on earth. If you see our farm from Google Earth, you see a wine glass.”

The vineyard was planted to support a red blend with Cabernet Franc, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. It is modelled on wine that Roger admires: Trius, a blend made at Peller’s Hillebrand Estates winery in Ontario. For a white, he has a small block of Viognier.

“That’s all we will do here, and only from our farm,” Roger says. “Our business is really about bringing experiential tourism on an intimate basis. You can come here, stay with us. Help us tend the vines. At the end of the day, you will go home with a whole new appreciation for what is in that bottle of wine.”

Okanagan Falls Wineries Association spring tasting 2014

Photo: the new Skaha Vineyard label

The booklet provided at the Okanagan Falls Winery Association recent spring tasting disclosed that the 12 member wineries produce only 110,000 cases of wine a year.

That may not be a lot of wine but the unofficial Okanagan Falls sub-appellation is not very large. The 12 wineries together farm about 185 hectares.

However, these are wineries that punch above their weight, as my notes on the wines will indicate. Blue Mountain and Wild Goose Vineyards, the most senior of the Okanagan Falls wineries, have been doing so for a long time. Wild Goose, for example, has probably won more Lieutenant Governor’s awards of excellence than any other B.C. winery. Blue Mountain doesn’t compete but if it did, it would also have amassed many awards.

The time available for the tasting was a little less than I needed. That explains the absence of notes for Liquidity Wines, Meyer Family Vineyards and Wild Goose Vineyards. I hope to catch up with them over the summer.

One of the member wineries, Krāzē Legz Vineyard and Winery
of Kaleden, unveiled its new label, Skaha Vineyard (pictured above). It supplements, and perhaps will replace, the whimsical labels with which the winery launched in 2010.  Those labels – dancers etched onto the bottles – celebrated the 1920s Prohibition era around which the winery built a theme to make Krāzē Legz stand apart from the crowd.

As clever as the labels are, few sommeliers like them well enough to allow the wines on restaurant wine lists, even though the wines invariably have been very good.

“People have taken our wine seriously,” says co-proprietor Gerry Thygesen, “but they haven’t taken our labels seriously.”

Before starting the winery, Gerry had a long and successful career in food products marketing. After a few years in the wine business, he knew when to stop banging against resistance.

The new label is far more conservative. Sommeliers should be comfortable with it on their tables. The white labels have the image of a horse in the left-hand corner, in part because Sue Thygesen, Gerry’s wife, has a long-standing interest in equestrian matters, from riding horses to photographing them.

There is a second reason. The word Skaha, which the Kaleden winery shares with the nearby lake, is an aboriginal word. In one dialect, it means “dog” – the lake once was known as Dog Lake. In another dialect, it means “horse”. The winery explains that on its back label.

The winery will still operate as Krāzē Legz, and may produce wines under that label. The majority of wines, however, are being released under the Skaha label.

Here are notes on wines from Krāzē Legz and its Okanagan Falls colleagues.

Skaha Vineyard Pinot Blanc 2013 ($18.95). This is a classic expression of the variety, with fruity aromas, green apple and stone fruit flavours and a crisp finish. 90.

Skaha Vineyard Chardonnay 2013 ($19.95). This unoaked Chardonnay is packed with fruit – flavours of apple, pear and peach – with a touch of minerals in the structure and refreshing acidity on the finish. 90.

Skaha Vineyard Mystique 2013 ($19.95). This is a blend of 60% Pinot Blanc and 40% Chardonnay. The wine has just a few grams of residual sugar – not enough to sweeten it but enough to pop the aromas and flavours of the apple and pear fruit. 90.

Skaha Vineyard Rosé 2013 ($19.95). Made with Merlot, this is a refreshing wine that cries out for a summertime picnic. Aromas and flavours of strawberry and cherry jump from the glass. The texture is juicy, almost creamy. 90.

Blasted Church Vineyards OMG 2011 (sparkling wine) ($27 for 1,000 cases). The winemaker at Blasted Church, Mark Wendenburg, previously was at Sumac Ridge, where he made numerous vintages of the award-winning Steller’s Jay Brut. OMG, made with 45% Pinot Noir, 45% Chardonnay and 10% Pinot Blanc, is made to the same high standards. The wine begins with fruity and toasty aromas. On the palate, there are notes of apples and a creamy texture. The finish is crisp and refreshing. 91.

Blasted Church Vineyards Sauvignon Blanc 2012 ($19.50 for 642 cases). This vintage is close to sold out to make way for 2013. The time in bottle has accentuated the layers of tropical fruit on the palate and the herbal and citrus aromas. The wine has a crisp finish. 90.

Blasted Church Vineyards Big Bang Theory 2012 ($19.50 for 2,000 cases, of which three quarters has been sold). This generous red is an unorthodox but successful blend: Merlot (65%), Lemberger (14%), Malbec (10%), Syrah (7%) and Cabernet Sauvignon (4%). It is a juicy wine with aromas and flavours of cherry and blackberry. 89.
 Blasted Church Vineyards Cabernet Merlot 2010 ($26.50 for 3,017 cases; only 150 still available). This is Merlot (52%), 38.6% Cabernet Sauvignon (38.6%), Malbec (7.5%) and Petit Verdot (1.9%). The wine has shown superb bottle development, with soft ripe tannins adding to the rich texture. The fruit flavours move through plum, cherry and raspberry, making for a lingering finish. 90.

Blue Mountain Brut NV ($23.90). This elegant but inexpensive bubbly has New Year’s Eve written all over it. The wine, with fine, persistent bubbles, is crisp on entry and on the finish but with a creamy mid-palate. There is a hint of bready aromas and flavours of fresh apples and citrus. The finish is refreshing. 90.

Blue Mountain Vineyard 2009 Brut Rosé ($32.90). Made with 84% Pinot Noir and 16% Chardonnay, this wine has a lovely blush hue. The aroma suggests strawberries and apples and this carries through to the creamy palate. The finish is crisp and clean. This wine is so delicious that you probably want to buy it by the magnum, if you can still find one. A bottle is not enough. 94.

Blue Mountain Vineyard Chardonnay 2012 ($21). This winery’s understated Chardonnay is designed to accompany food. It is an elegant wine with hints of citrus in the aroma and on the palate, and with a mouth-filling polished texture. The Blue Mountain style is to ferment 40% of the wine in stainless steel and 60% in a mix of new to three-year-old barrels. The wine in barrels ages there for seven months, with minimal battonage of the lees. Only 10% has gone through malolactic fermentation. The fruit flavours remain fresh, supported by a fine skein of minerals. 90.

Blue Mountain Pinot Noir 2012 ($25). This is a seductively pretty wine, silky in texture, with notes of strawberry, cherry and a spicy toast gained from 10 months aging in French oak. This is a very complex wine, involving six clones of Pinot Noir – the vines are between six and 28 years old. The lightly crushed grapes, along with some whole clusters, were given 16 to 20 days maceration on skins in open top fermentation tanks. Half the wine was fermented with wild yeast native to the vineyard. The winery suggests this vintage will age six to seven years. 91.

Noble Ridge Vineyard The One 2010 ($39.90 for 265 cases). This sparkling wine cuvée is 70% Chardonnay and 30% Pinot Noir. The wine spent about 26 months en tirage before being disgorged in June 2013. It displays the toasty, bready aromas and flavours one expects with Champagne. The bubbles give the wine a creamy mid palate but the finish is crisp and dry.

Noble Ridge Reserve Chardonnay 2011 ($23.90). The oak is bold but well integrated with the citrus and buttery flavours. It is a big wine on the palate, almost creamy in texture. 89.

Noble Ridge Pinot Noir 2010 ($25 for 568 cases). In style, this wine is darker and more muscular than the Blue Mountain. Noble Ridge says it will age gracefully another five or six years. The grapes for this wine, after a cold soak on the skins, were fermented cool in stainless steel. The wine then was racked into French oak. It aged there a year and then spent another two years aging in bottle before release. The wine begins with aromas of cherry and raspberry, leading to a medley of red fruit flavours against an underlying earthiness. 89-90.

Noble Ridge Meritage Reserve 2009  ($30 for 538 cases). This is 80% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon – and from one of the Okanagan’s best recent vintages. The wine was aged 15 months in French and American oak (40% new) and then bottle aged 14 months. I would be surprised much is still available because this wine picked up two golds and two silvers in competition last year. It is a bold, satisfying red, beginning with aromas of black cherry, vanilla and spice. That leads to flavours of black cherry, vanilla, chocolate and coffee. The long ripe tannins give it accessibility now as well as age-ability. 91.

 Painted Rock Red Icon 2011 ($55). This is a blend of 30% Malbec, 27% Cabernet Franc, 20% Merlot, 20% Petit Verdot and 3% Cabernet Sauvignon. In the glass, the wine announces itself dramatically with perfumed aromas that include cherry, plum and vanilla. The wine is rich and ripe on the palate, with flavours of black cherry, cassis and mocha. The balance is exquisite and elegant, with a suave and polished texture and a very long finish. 95.

Painted Rock Merlot 2011 ($40). This is a generous Merlot with luscious flavours of black currant and blueberry. Richly concentrated on the palate with long ripe tannins, this is a textbook Merlot. 92.

 Painted Rock Syrah 2011 ($40). This is made in the classic northern Rhone style, with pepper and black cherry aromas and with a medley of flavours, from black cherry to spiced deli meats. On the palate, this complex wine surprises by delivering a delicious core of sweet berry flavours. 93.

See Ya Later Ranch Pinot Gris 2012 ($16.99). Crisp and lean in style, this wine has citrus and herbal aromas and flavours. 88.

See Ya Later Ranch Gewürztraminer 2013 ($15.99). The winery, which is near Okanagan Falls, has one of the largest, and best, blocks of Gewürztraminer in North America. This wine is a fine dry Gewürztraminer with notes of grapefruit and herbs. 90.

See Ya Later Ranch Rover 2011 ($21.99). This wine is 98% Shiraz co-fermented with Viognier. There is pepper and spice in the aroma and finish, along with cherry and red berry flavours. 89.

See Ya Later Ranch Ping 2011 ($24.99). This is 45% Cabernet Sauvignon, 45% Merlot and 10% Cabernet Franc. The texture is full, even chewy, with flavours of black currant and appealing sweet fruit on the lingering finish. 90.

Stag’s Hollow Winery Riesling 2013 ($20 for 380 cases). This wine is bursting with youthful flavours of grapefruit and pineapple. The soft acidity gives it a juicy texture. 88.

Stag’s Hollow Winery Syrah Grenache Rosé 2013 ($22 for 168 cases). This wine is 85% Syrah and 15% Grenache. It begins with aromas of strawberry and raspberry. The juicy palate echoes those flavours, along with watermelon and a hint of pepper. The finish is dry; think of a Provence rosé. 90.

Stag’s Hollow Winery Renaissance Pinot Noir 2010 ($35 for 236 cases). This is a charmer, with strawberry and cherry flavours nestled in silky tannins. The finish has a kiss of spice. 90.

Stag’s Hollow 2012 Grenache ($30 for 170 cases). The wine glows in the glass with a plum-like hue. The aromas are a medley of berry notes with cloves and cinnamon. The palate is soft and juicy, with bright flavours of currants, cranberries and mocha. As the winery notes, the flavours recall a “bold New World style Pinot Noir.” That’s hardly a bad thing. 92.

Synchromesh Wines Thorny Vines Vineyard Riesling 2013 ($18.90). With clone 21B Riesling from a Naramata Bench vineyard, Synchromesh has made a wine combining racy acidity with a well balanced residual sweetness. The wine has lime and lemon aromas and flavours. The wine is showing well already but has potential to develop appealing complexity with another year or two of age. 90.

Synchromesh Wines  Thorny Vines Vineyard Botrytis Affected Riesling 2013 ($14.90 for 375 ml). This wine definitely was being shown too soon; the botrytis characters have yet to develop the honey and tobacco notes that come with a year or two in bottle. Not rated.

Synchromesh Wines Palo Solara Vineyard Pinot Noir 2012 ($24.90). The grapes for this wine come from a vineyard in East Kelowna. The wine has a bit of that intriguing earthy character sometimes called barnyard, which usually signals ability to age into a complex wine. At this time, the flavours of cherry and plum dominate. The firm texture is moving in the direction of silkiness. 88.

Synchromesh Wines Turtle Rock Farms Tertre Rouge 2011 ($34.90). This is 62.5% Cabernet Franc, 37.5% Merlot, from a Naramata Bench vineyard. It shows vibrant flavours of blackberry and cola with a touch of vanilla. The long ripe tannins give the wine a rich texture. The wine is named for a corner at the Le Mans racing circuit in France. 90.

Topshelf Winery Slapshot Chardonnay 2012 ($18). Because the winery owners had two sons in professional hockey, they have exploited hockey terms for all their wines. This unoaked Chardonnay has crisp apple flavours with a hint of citrus. 88.

Topshelf Winery Point Shot Pinot Gris 2012 ($18). Slightly off-dry, this wine has aromas and flavours of apple, pineapple and grapefruit. 88.

Topshelf Winery Penalty Shot Blush 2012 ($19). This is a blend of Chardonnay and red varietals that delivers strawberry and cherry aromas and flavours. 88.

Topshelf Winery Over The Top Merlot 2011 ($20). The oak frames flavours and aromas of vanilla and black currant. The ripe tannins give the wine a general texture. 88.

Topshelf Winery Hat Trick Meritage 2012 ($33). This is 80% Merlot, with Malbec and Cabernet Franc. It shows aromas and flavours of blackberry, plum and cherry with notes of vanilla. Only 300 bottles were made. 90.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Tinhorn Creek names new winemaker

Photo: Andrew Windsor

Tinhorn Creek Vineyards president Sandra Oldfield is transferring the role of head winemaker to Andrew Windsor, 35, an Ontario-born vintner with a master’s degree in enology from Adelaide University in Australia.

Sandra has been the head winemaker at Tinhorn Creek for 20 years. In recent years, she has taken on an increasingly heavy management role. That triggered the decision to launch a six-country search for a new winemaker that ended with hiring a Canadian.

“I have a day job, running Tinhorn,” Sandra (left) explained in an interview. “It turns out that is a pretty big job. I can’t make wine on the side. For me, it was not a really difficult step to take. It is not like I am going anywhere.” 

Andrew Windsor has been recruited from Andrew Peller Ltd. in Ontario where he has been involved in making wines from the VQA portfolio during the past three vintages.

“We have hired him to be a winemaker and to bring in new and creative ideas to the cellar in the same way that Andrew Moon did things to revitalize our vineyards,” Sandra says. 

Moon (right) is the Australian viticulturist that Tinhorn Creek hired in 2008. He has had a profound impact on how the winery manages its vineyards, resulting in a quite apparent rise in the quality of Tinhorn Creek’s wines.

Korol Kuklo, the assistant winemaker at Tinhorn Creek for almost 15 years, will continue in that role.  “She is great with managing people and she is great with managing cellar operations,” Sandra says. “That need does not go away when you bring on a new winemaker. The new person needs to have a cellar manager that knows what they are doing.”

This will be Andrew’s second winemaking job in British Columbia. He was hired in July 2010 as winemaker for EauVivre Winery and Vineyard in the Similkameen Valley. He left in March 2011, after 10 months, to work at a large Pernod Ricard winery in New Zealand.

“He switched to a bigger winery than us,” EauVivre owner Dale Wright says. “We were too small for him.”

However, that gave Andrew a taste for winemaking in British Columbia that has brought him back. “He made red wine out here in the Similkameen, so he knows  what the possibilities are here,” Sandra says. “When he was interviewing with us, [he said] on three or four separate occasions that he really does want to make the best wine in Canada. He has targeted that this is the place where he can do that, on the Golden Mile Bench and on Black Sage Bench.”

Andrew initially studied environmental science at the University of Guelph but got a taste for winemaking in 2005 at The Ice House Winery at Niagara-on-the-Lake. He completed his winemaking degree at the University of Adelaide in 2006.

In 2008, he joined the winemaking staff at Mollydooker Wines, a McLaren Vale winery that had been started in 2005 and has since made a reputation for its big red wines. He left there to join EauVivre and then, in the spring of 2011, returned to the southern hemisphere for the 2011 vintage at huge Pernod Ricard operation in New Zealand.

When that job was completed, he moved to France and spent six months, and another 2011 vintage, at Cave de Tain, a producer of Hermitage. On returning to Canada, he joined Peller in mid 2012.

France taught me that wine is not just a science but an art form, a culture and an expression of a place,” Andrew said in a new release from Tinhorn Creek. “Wine has the ability to take you to a place in the world without leaving your home.”

“Once he was back in Canada, he really did want to be back in B.C.,” Sandra says. “He is going to be bringing a lot new to us. He is here to do what Andrew Moon did – bring a skill set from different locations and apply it here.”

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Kootenays wines worth discovering

 Baillie-Grohman winemaker Dan Barker

There are now three wineries in or near Creston, the Kootenay city previously known just for the Columbia brewery and general agriculture.

With a population of 5,300 (2011 census), Creston has been growing out of the down-at-the heels personality it had as recently as a decade ago. There is, for example, a well appointed new Ramada Inn to accommodate visitors far better than the old motels favoured by tree planters.

Perhaps the wineries have played a role in this revival, as tourists passing through on the way to the Okanagan discovered it was worth their while to stop and taste Creston’s well made wines.

I have recently been able to taste wines from two of the three.

Baillie-Grohman Estate Winery is the only one of the three which distributes its wine outside the Kootenays. To acquire the wines of Skimmerhorn Winery or Wynnwood Cellars, it is necessary to visit Creston. If you do, Skimmerhorn has a good summer-season restaurant.

Skimmerhorn, which opened in 2006, was the first Creston winery. Owners Al and Marleen Hoag (who have the winery for sale now) found a clever way to overcome the lack of winemakers in Creston. They went to New Zealand and found Mark Rattray, a veteran winemaker who agreed to do vintages in British Columbia when wineries in the southern hemisphere are not busy.

Bob Johnson (right) and Petra Flaa opened Baillie-Grohman in 2010 across the street from Skimmerhorn. They recruited a New Zealand winemaker named Dan Barker, the owner of well-regarded Moana Park Winery in Hawkes Bay. He was New Zealand’s Young Winemaker of the Year in 2003 and has picked up more than 250 awards since then.

Both he and Mark got their Creston winery clients ably launched.

Wynnwood Cellars began selling wines in 2012. The partners here are Michael Wigen (left) and Dave Basaraba. The Wigen family has been in the Creston area since 1892 and Michael now is an executive in the family business, Wynndel Box & Lumber Company. Dave is from Walla Walla in Washington but has lived in the Creston area since 1987. He broached the idea of growing grapes to Michael. The partners, after starting the vineyard in 2007, opened the winery north of Creston beside Highway 3A. 

“This route we are on, the Kootenay Lake Route, is one of Car and Driver’s 10 best roads,” Mike says. “From the ferry down to Creston, it is 53 miles of corners; only six passing zones. The Ferrari Club, the Porsche Club, all the bike clubs go through here all the time.”

Chances are those drivers welcome a glass of wine in Creston at the end of such an exhilarating drive.

Here are notes on some of the wines.

Baillie-Grohman Récolte Blanc 2013 ($17). The name means harvest white. It is a tasty aromatic blend of Pinot Gris, Gewürztraminer and Schönburger. It begins with floral and tropical aromas and delivers flavours of green apple, melon and citrus. The racy acidity makes for a crisp and tangy lemony finish. This would be especially refreshing as an aperitif.  88.

Baillie-Grohman Gewürztraminer 2013 ($19). Sometimes, wines from this varietal will surprise you by developing over two or three days after the bottle has been opened. This had an appealing spicy aroma and flavour, along with vivid grapefruit tastes, on first being opened. Over the next several days, the bottle came out of the fridge for another glass. Each one was fuller on the palate, with more herbs and grapefruit. I wish I had had a magnum. 89.

Baillie-Grohman Pinot Gris 2013 ($20). This is a juicy expression of the variety, with aromas of tropical fruits and flavours of peaches, apples and grapefruit. 90.

Baillie-Grohman Blanc de Noirs Rosé 2013 ($19). Here is a summertime charmer if I ever tasted one. It begins with dramatic aromas of cherries and strawberries, with a juicy palate that delivers a fruit bowl of flavour. The wine is well balanced, with just enough residual sugar lift all that exuberant fruit. 90.

Baillie-Grohman Pinot Noir 2011 ($25). This medium-bodied wine might fairly be described as feminine, with easy appeal. There are notes of strawberry in the aroma and spicy cherry flavours. The texture is silky. 88.

Baillie-Grohman Merlot Cabernet Sauvignon 2011 ($25). The grapes for this blend are from a vineyard in the Similkameen Valley. The wine’s soft, ripe tannins make it very drinkable in its youth. There is a core of black cherry and vanilla on the palate with black currant and spice on the finish. 89.

Wynnwood Cellars Sauvignon Blanc 2012 ($21.95). This is a crisp and tangy wine, with aromas and flavours of lime and lemon, a fine spine of minerals and racy acidity on the finish. 87.

Wynnwood Cellars Chardonnay 2011 ($22.95). Nothing on the back label indicates whether this wine is unoaked or barrel aged. The generous texture suggests either time in neutral barrels or good lees work. Yet the wine still manages to be fruit forward in a restrained way, with aromas and flavours of apple and citrus. 88.

Wynnwood Cellars Pinot Noir 2011 ($23.95). The winery has four clones of Pinot Noir in its main vineyard – clones 114, 115, 667 and 777 – which displays a commendable commitment to the varietal. While the aroma displays the funkiness that nerds call barnyard, there are good black cherry flavours. The tannins are firm and I would recommend aging this wine a few more years. 87.

Wynnwood Cellars Merlot 2012 ($24.95). This is a lively and youthful red, with aromas of raspberry and cherry. On the palate, it is juicy with flavours of cherry and black currants framed with a touch of oak. Creston is not the usual terroir for Merlot. Wynnwood Cellars succeeds because it tents the vines in spring to give then a jump on the season. 88

Friday, April 4, 2014

Rustico boxes in Calamity Jane

 Photo: Rustico's Bruce Fuller

Can you imagine a three litre box of wine sporting the VQA symbol?

Well, you have to imagine it because the rules of the Vintner’s Quality Alliance forbid the use of the VQA symbol on boxed wines. However, I would not be surprised to see that rule changed, given that several wineries now are selling boxed wines containing wines that would be VQA if released in bottles.

Rustico Farm and Cellars has three boxed wines under its new Ambush brand while Mt. Boucherie Family Estate Winery has just released two. Pentâge Winery in Penticton has been selling Pinot Gris in a three litre box for about five years.

Of course, the major commercial wineries have boxed wine –three, four and 16 litre – on the market for years. Generally, these contain wines imported in bulk from somewhere else in the world. VQA wines can be made only from grapes grown in British Columbia or Ontario.

The perception is that boxed wines are not very good. That may or may not be the truth. That is the reason why the VQA symbol is not allowed on boxes. The wine industry does not want to dilute the VQA image.

For many consumers, this is merely an academic discussion. They just see boxed wines as super affordable. There are numerous four-litre box wines in the BC Liquor Distribution Branch stores selling for $32.99. That works out to $6.19 a bottle.

Cooper Moon Cabernet Sauvignon from Calona is a typical example of a three-litre box. It is priced at $30.99,  the equivalent of $7.75 a bottle.

The price rises if the box contains British Columbia wine rather than leftovers from California. Even so, the B.C. boxes also deliver good value. Mt. Boucherie asks $38.50 for a box of Chardonnay ($9.63 a bottle) and $42.50 for a box of Merlot ($10.63 a bottle). Pentâge asks $66.50 ($16.62) for a box of what is premium Pinot Gris.

Aside from value, box wines offer the convenience of having wine on tap. You can pour yourself just a glass or two whenever you feel like it. The shelf life of these wines is long enough for you to tipple your way through four bottles before the wine starts to oxidize.

Rustico’s Bruce Fuller, who runs his tasting room with considerable flare, has come up with a clever way of defusing the perception that box wines are plonk. He has miniature barrels in Rustico’s wine shop,  each designed to hide a box wine. Only the spigot protrudes, allowing wines to be served to guests. Only after they have tasted the wine, and usually enjoyed it, are guests allowed to peak into the open back of the barrels to discover the wines came from a box, not a barrel.

Every camper also knows how much more convenient the little boxes are on camping trips compared with heavier and more fragile glass. One of Bruce’s customers last summer was in an Osoyoos campground and counted 17 boxes of Ambush on tables around the site.

Bruce believes he is tapping into a trend. “I researched boxed wines before we did anything,” he says. “In France, over 30% of wine sales are now in boxes. What does that tell you? In California, you have Mondavi and others in boxes.”

You might note the names Bruce gives to each Rustico wine, often inspired by the Okanagan’s history of mining and ranching.

“Do you know who Calamity Jane was?” Bruce asks. “She was a woman who was known as a straight shooter. She was a big time alcoholic. She hung out with Wild Bill Hickok. She rode in the pony express. Sometimes she was a whore working in a saloon. Half of what you read about her is mythology and the other half is truth. She is buried in Deadwood, South Dakota.” Bruce, who has visited her grave, had more than enough material for good “back label” copy.

Here are notes on Rustico’s three litre box wines and on its other current releases.

Ambush Calamity Jane Dry Riesling ($42.95). This is a crisp and refreshing Riesling, with citrus aromas and flavours. The finish lingers. 87.

Ambush Whippersnapper White ($39.95). This is 50/50 blend of Sémillon and Chardonnay. It has layers of lime and grapefruit in the aroma and on the palate, with the fleshy texture that Sémillon brings to the party. 88.

Ambush The Posse Red ($44.95). This is a blend of Merlot, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon. The wine presents an almost jammy ripe plum and cherry profile that is pulled together effectively by the pepper and spice on the finish. 87.

Rustico Isabella’s Poke Pinot Gris 2012 ($17.95). The wine begins with appealing herbal aromas, leading to pear and citrus flavours, with a crisp tang of lime on the refreshing finish. 88.

Rustico Farmer’s Daughter Dry Gewürztraminer 2012 ($17.95). The wine begins with the aromas of rose petals and spice, leading to delicate flavours of lychee and grapefruit. The dry finish makes this a fine food wine. 88.

Rustico Sashay Sémillon 2012 ($17.95). Somewhat austere in the dryness of the finish, this wine has notes of lemon and grapefruit on the palate. 86.

Rustico Silver Garter Unoaked Chardonnay 2012 ($17.95). This focused and fruit-forward wine has flavours of apples with a mineral backbone. The finish is crisp and fresh. 87.

Rustico Golden Garter Oaked Chardonnay 2012 ($29.95). The oak is very well integrated in this buttery and rich wine, with flavours of tangerine and with a hint of clove on the finish. 89-90.

Rustico Saloon Sally Dry Cabernet Franc Rosé 2011 ($16.90). This is a remarkable fresh wine for a three-year-old rosé. It still shows off the varietal’s red berry and strawberry flavours and aromas. The texture is juicy but the finish is crisp. 89.

Rustico Doc’s Buggy Pinot Noir 2008 ($24.95). Barrel-aged nine months, this wine has notes of strawberry and cherry on the palate, with a touch of spice on the dry finish. 87.

Rustico Mother Lode Merlot 2007 ($24.95).  Every wine has a story. The reference here is to a mother lode of gold that a prospector named One-Armed Reid was looking for. He would have been happy with this tasty red, a medium-bodied wine with a core of blackberry and cassis, although the hint of espresso on the finish would taste way better than the coffee that he brewed in his kettle. 88.

Rustico Last Chance 2008 ($19.95). One-Armed Reid, according to Bruce’s narrative, staked the first claim at Fairview. This wine is a blend of Chancellor (30%), Merlot (35%) and Zinfandel (25%) and a touch of Zweigelt and Blaufränkisch. This is a last chance to taste Chancellor because those vines have been replaced. This is a dark, brambly red with a rustic earthiness on the finish. 88.

Rustico Threesome 2008 ($35.95). This is a blend of Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon. This has the classic Bordeaux blend notes of cedar and cigar box on the nose, following with flavours of black currant and blackberry. 90.

Rustico  Bonanza Old Vines Zinfandel 2008 ($34.95). The full-bodied wine may well be unfiltered because it throws a bit of sediment, which is not a problem if you decant the wine. It begins with aromas of oak, vanilla and red berries. On the palate, there are classic varietal flavours, including raspberry, blackberry and black cherry. The long ripe tannins give the wine a generous texture. There is also a peppery hint on the finish. 90.

Monday, March 31, 2014

A vertical of Osoyoos Larose Le Grand Vin

 Photo: Mathieu Mercier of Osoyoos Larose

One of the most significant ownership changes in the Okanagan wine industry occurred quietly last November when Constellation Brands sold its 50% interest in the Osoyoos Larose winery to Bordeaux vintner Groupe Taillan.

That gives the French group 100% ownership of the winery, which had been launched in 1998 as a French/Canadian joint venture between Groupe Taillan and Vincor International. The latter company was taken over by Constellation in 2006.

The consolidation sets in train the eventual building of an Osoyoos Larose winery on its 80-acre vineyard west of Osoyoos Lake. The winery currently operates in a separate area of the sprawling Jackson-Triggs winery north of Oliver. The winemaking staff works independently from the Jackson-Triggs staff (aside from a shared public address system). Osoyoos Larose has never had a public tasting room.

Even as a joint venture, this has always been a thoroughly French winery. The intention of Donald Triggs, then the chief executive of Vincor, was to bring valuable French viticultural and winemaking knowhow to the Okanagan. The Bordeaux partners chose the vineyard site, sourced the vines in France, designed the planting method and recruited Pascal Madevon, a veteran French winemaker.

Pascal managed Osoyoos Larose from its first vintage in 2001 until he left in 2013 to join Culmina, the new winery that the Triggs family opened last year in the Okanagan. Groupe Taillan promptly sent another winemaker, Mathieu Mercier, who also has solid French and international experience.

Mathieu was born in 1988 in Cognac to a family of cognac producers. He has degrees in viticulture and enology from two of Bordeaux’s leading universities.

While going through university, he also did hands-on industry practicums. “I spent some time in Chile where I worked for Don Melchor, the premium winery of Concha y Toro,” Mathieu says. “Then I worked in Bordeaux for André Lurton at Château La Louvière and Château de Rochemorin.  Then I moved to California where I worked in 2010 for Swanson Winery in Napa. It was such a good experience that I went back in 2012 for six months, making wine for Cain Vineyard and Winery [in St. Helena].”

He returned to Bordeaux and worked at several of the estates owned by Groupe Taillan. (The most famous of the group’s properties is Château Gruaud-Larose, a distinguished Saint-Julien winery with a second growth classification.) Early last year, he jumped at the opportunity to move to Osoyoos Larose in the Okanagan.

“Taillan owns a lot of property in Bordeaux,” he says. These range from producers of medium-priced wines to “a very expensive one like Gruaud-Larose. When we did some tastings to compare Osoyoos Larose with some of the best Grand Cru in Bordeaux, it was obvious that we could compare it. Osoyoos Larose belongs among the famous good wines in the world. The quality of the terroir for Osoyoos Larose is unbelievable.”


Osoyoos Larose makes just two red wines: Le Grand Vin and, in the Bordeaux tradition, a lower-priced second wine, Pétales d’Osoyoos. In part, the wine is a home for the barrels judged to be less ageable, with lower tannin, that what is blended for Le Grand Vin. It is made in a different style so that the wine is fruitier and more accessible when young than Le Grand Vin. Pétales is by no means a lesser wine.


Le Grand Vin is a classically Bordeaux-styled red, deliberately structured to be cellared at least to its 10th birthday, if not longer. It is one of the premiere collector wines from the Okanagan. Unlike most other Okanagan icon reds, the production is large enough that any serious collector can find it and buy it.


The current release of Le Grand Vin is from the 2009 vintage. The current Pétales is from 2010.


Recently, a small group of us assembled to taste a vertical of every vintage of Le Grand Vin. We learned several things. Even though there is inevitable vintage variation, it never obscures the consistent style and personality of this wine. You always know you have Le Grand Vin in the glass.


Secondly, the wine develops magnificently as it ages, peaking somewhere between six and eight years and then holding at that level for another six to eight years. Le Grand Vin sells for $45. As Mathieu discovered, it can hold its own against many pedigreed Bordeaux reds.


Here are notes from the vertical tasting. The Pétales d’Osoyoos was tasted separately.

Le Grand Vin 2001: Total production 2,200 12-bottle cases. This is 66% Merlot, 25% Cabernet Sauvignon and 9% Cabernet Franc. I had this wine two years ago from a magnum, which it still showed good fruit. The standard bottle ages faster and this vintage is fading. The flavours are drying out and the tannins, while not hard, seem somewhat dusty. However, my do not resuscitate judgment  was a bit premature. A third of a bottle remained in a carafe until the following day. The wine revived to show glimmers of fruit and reasonably full texture. We had no trouble finishing the wine at dinner.

Le Grand Vin 2002: Production 6,775 six-bottle cases. This is 57% Merlot, 19% Cabernet Sauvignon, 12% Malbec, 7% Cabernet Franc and 5% Petit Verdot. The colour is darker and the texture still has some flesh. The cassis aromas and flavours mingle with hints of cigar box. While the wine will not get better, it is still very satisfying.

Le Grand Vin 2003: Production 19,700 six-bottle cases. This is 75% Merlot, 11% Cabernet Sauvignon, 6% Malbec, 5% Petit Verdot and 3% Cabernet Franc. This wine began with a glorious of cassis and red fruit and delivered rich flavours and a full weight to the palate. At its peak now, this is an impressive wine. This vintage and the 2007 were the favourite wines of the tasting.

Le Grand Vin 2004: Production 18,500 six-bottle cases. This is 68% Merlot, 21% Cabernet Sauvignon, 5% Petit Verdot, 4% Cabernet Franc and 2% Malbec. Bottle age has given this wine an alluring cassis perfume. There is concentrated fruit on the palate – blackberries and black currant – with a touch of chocolate and espresso coffee on the finish.

Le Grand Vin 2005: Production 20,950 six-bottle cases. This is 67% Merlot, 23% Cabernet Sauvignon, 4% Petit Verdot, 4% Cabernet Franc and 2% Malbec. This is an elegant wine with silky tannins. It seems to have less power than either the preceding or succeeding vintages, but the wine is more polished and rather pretty.

Le Grand Vin 2006: Production 20,250 six-bottle cases. This is 69% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, 4% Petit Verdot, 4% Cabernet Franc and 3% Malbec. This wine has a dense, chewy texture with ripe tannins supporting earthy notes of black currant and coffee. Some tasters thought there was a hint of bitterness – probably something that will disappear entirely with another year or two of age.

Le Grand Vin 2007: Production 15,000 six-bottle cases. This is 70% Merlot, 21% Cabernet Sauvignon, 4% Cabernet Franc, 3% Petit Verdot and 2% Malbec. In this vintage, the winery moved to aging the wine for 20 months, up from 16 months, in new and one-year-old barrels.  Once again, the tannins are silky and the texture is juicy. There are notes of cassis and mocha in the aroma and on the palate. The wine’s elegant balance impressed all of the tasters.

Le Grand Vin 2008: Production 18,000 six-bottle cases. This is 60% Merlot, 25% Cabernet Sauvignon, 7% Cabernet Franc, 5% Malbec and 3% Petit Verdot. This wine has just begun its development to a glorious future, with a bold and ripe texture and flavours that include blackberry, black currant and pepper.

Le Grand Vin 2009: ($45 for a production of 16,000 six-bottle cases). This is 58% Merlot, 26% Cabernet Sauvignon, 7% Cabernet Franc, 7% Petit Verdot and 2% Malbec. The wine was aged 20 months in French oak, with 60% of the barrels being new, 40% being one year old. Dark in colour and concentrated in texture, this wine still shows its youthful tannins. Decanting helps reveal aromas of sage, blueberry and cedar with lush layers of plum and black currant. 94+

Pétales d’Osoyoos 2010 ($25 for 10,100 six-bottle cases). This is 58% Merlot, 16% Cabernet Franc, 17% Cabernet Sauvignon, 5% Petit Verdot and 4% Malbec. The wine was also aged 20 months but in one and two-year-old French oak. It saw no new oak. The wine has generous aromas and flavours of black currant, blueberry sage and even a hint of chocolate. The tannins are relatively soft, giving this wine an early drinkability while waiting for Le Grand Vin to be ready. The winery advising drinking it within three years of its release. 91.

Friday, March 28, 2014

Buzet’s winery is a progressive co-operative

Photo: Buzet's Delphine Leuillet

Among the many French wineries at this year’s Vancouver International Wine Festival, chances are that the least known was Les Vignerons de Buzet.

Some of its wines are listed on Quebec and Ontario. Through local agents, the winery is making an effort to get into markets in western Canada.

There are at least a couple of reasons why it deserves to succeed. First, it is one of the most progressive co-operative wineries I have ever encountered. Secondly, it has a red wine with no added sulphur that will be a godsend to those who attribute headaches to sulphur in red wine.

The Buzet appellation is in southwestern France in the general region of such better known appellations as Cahors, Madiran and Armagnac. The appellation is only 2,000 hectares in size, about equal in size to the Oliver/Osoyoos vineyards in the Okanagan.

About 95% of the Buzet production goes to Les Vignerons de Buzet, the co-operative that was organized in 1953. “We are like a monopoly of the Buzet appellation,” says Delphine Leuillet, the Buzet export manager who represented the winery at the festival.

The growers began working toward appellation status shortly after forming the co-operative and won the AOC status (Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée) in 1973.

Since the appellation is south of Bordeaux, it is hardly surprising that the vineyards grow similar varieties. Merlot comprises about half of the red plantings; Cabernet Franc accounts for 26%, Cabernet Sauvignon for 22% and Malbec for much of the rest. The white varieties are primarily Sémillon (70%) and Sauvignon Blanc (30%).

The wines, however, often command much lower prices because the appellation is far less well known. “We have the Bordeaux quality at very attractive prices,” Delphine suggests. The Buzet co-operative produces between 12 million and 14 million bottles a year. The home market consumes 60% of those wines.

Buzet is worth supporting because of the winery’s growing commitment to sustainable viticulture. During the past five years, the growers have reduced significantly the use of chemicals to ward off diseases in the vineyards. No treatments are applied any longer as a matter of routine. Increasingly, natural and alternative methods are applied. In 2012, for example, they stopped using anti-botrytis chemical sprays, adopting instead vineyard practices that enable the growers to avoid botrytis (rot) in the first place.

Like a growing number of growers around the world, those of Buzet now make a conscious effort to foster biodiversity in the vineyards. Sometimes, that is a simple as letting grass grow between the vines to promote diverse flora and fauna in the vineyards. There are ongoing efforts to repopulate the vineyards with protected species, including birds. Of course, these keep the insect pests in balance, again reducing the need to spray chemicals.

In the winery, Buzet also has shown innovation. The wine with no added sulphur is an example. “This is a concept wine,” Delphine said while pouring it during a trade tasting at the wine festival. It contains a mere seven milligrams per litre of sulphur, which was a natural by-product of fermentation.

In conventional winemaking, sulphur is usually added to preserve wines from premature oxidation. The sulphur might range anywhere from 30 mg, when it would not be perceptible, to 100 mg where an experienced taster might get a whiff. Reducing the sulphur content is a general trend in winemaking, made possible by the cleanliness of modern winemaking. Buzet has removed a lot of sulphur from its other wines and claims to be somewhere between a third and a quarter of the industry average.

Sans, as Buzet’s no added sulphur wine is called, is a delicious, easy drinking red.

Here are notes the four other wines that Delphine also had at the festival.

Red Badge Merlot Cabernet 2010 (estimated $14.95). This wine, already a general listing in Ontario, is a soft fruity red with flavours of cherry and black berry. 88.

Le Lys Dry White 2012 (estimated $16.99). The name means lily. It is a blend of 60% Sémillon and 40% Sauvignon Blanc. It is a crisp and refreshing white, with appealing fruity aromas and flavours of citrus and tropical fruit. 89.

Baron D’Ardeuil Dry White 2012 (estimated $21.99). This is a 50/50 blend of Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc aged eight months in oak. There is citrus in the aromas and on the palate, with a satisfying weight on the palate and crisp finish. 90.

Baron D’Ardeuil Red 2010 (estimated $21.99). This is a red Bordeaux blend from old vines, aged half in new oak and half in more neutral oak. There are notes of vanilla and red fruits on the nose, following with flavours of black berry and black currant and a touch of liquorice on the finish. 89.